How can we close the achievement

In addition to the potential increase in GDP, the report projects that closing the achievement gap would lead to cost savings in areas outside of education, such as incarceration and healthcare. The more vocational education courses students take, the lower their performance on the NAEP.

Almost three-quarters of high school graduates go on to higher education, but only about half of them complete even a mid-level college-preparatory curriculum four years of English and three years each of math, science, and social studies. As a result of cultural differences, African American students tend to begin school with smaller vocabularies than their white classmates.

We need to rethink how we invest in and organize schools, so that time for extended professional learning and collaboration become the norm rather than the exception.

Closing the Achievement Gap

As written, the legislation incentivizes that schools show continual improvement toward this goal otherwise known as "Adequate Yearly Progress," or AYP or face sanctions. In fact, 10th graders taught by the least effective teachers made nearly no gains in reading and even lost ground in math.

Involve local police and sheriffs in these programs to create positive interactions between African-American students and local law enforcement personnel.

Achievement gap in the United States

Many research studies have found that students not exposed to rigorous courses do not perform as well as students who take rigorous classes.

For example, a Virginia Tech Study conducted in examined the brains of children and found that different areas of the brain develop in a different sequence in girls compared to boys. The differences are qualitative as well as quantitative, with differences in "unique" words, complexity, and "conversational turns.

These schools offer more rigorous, traditional modes of instruction, including Direct Instruction. This performance gap was not significantly different from that in 69 points. The challenge is huge, but the goal is within reach if parents, teachers, school districts, politicians and communities all work together in a concentrated, ongoing effort.

While praise for the results is warranted as the city continued its upward climb, we must address the fact that race and income-level gaps in achievement continue to grow.

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These patterns are disturbing because the quality and intensity of high school coursework are the most important determinants of success in college—more important than class rank or scores on college admissions tests Adelman, If a student 1 receives free or reduced-price meals based on income eligibility, 2 is direct certified meaning he or she receives a different form of government assistanceor 3 attends a Community Eligibility Provision school one that is eligible to provide its entire student population with free or reduced-price mealshe or she is considered economically disadvantaged.

African American culture and African-American family structure The culture and environment in which children are raised may play a role in the achievement gap.

Children who score poorly on tests of cognitive skills before starting kindergarten are highly likely to be low performers throughout their school careers.

Strategies for Closing the Achievement Gaps

But equally clear is that some students require more time and more instruction. Even though the NCLB Act holds school districts accountable for student achievement, there are still many students who do not have the resources at home to fully take part in these excellent educational tools.

The differences are often greater in predominantly minority high schools. This schedule -- a leftover of factory-model school designs of the early s -- makes it harder for our teachers to find time to work with their colleagues on creating great curriculum and learning new methods, to mark papers, to work individually with students, and to reach out to parents.

In survey after survey, young people tell us that they are not challenged in school. Evidence is plentiful that when children are healthy and well-supported in learning in the early years and beyond, they achieve and graduate at higher rates.

It is time for the U. While results differ depending on the instrument, estimates of the black-white gap range from slightly less than half a standard deviation to slightly more than 1 standard deviation. Though many people were worried that failure rates would be astronomical, in one year the number of Latinos in New York City who passed the Regents science exam tripled, and the number of African Americans who passed doubled.

In Washington, DC in the late 19th century, a predominantly low income Black school performed higher than three White schools in yearly testing.

The patterns are similar regardless of the measure of teacher qualifications—experience, certification, academic preparation, or performance on licensure tests. Only about 63 percent of African-American and 37 percent of Hispanic children participate in preschool programs.

For example, parental involvement in elementary school has been shown to lower high school dropout rates and improved on time completion of high school. We have come away stunned. New elementary teachers, for example, take more than twice as much math and science as their predecessors.

Teachers Matter a Lot If students are going to be held to high standards, they need teachers who know the subjects and know how to teach the subjects. In every subject area, students in high-poverty schools are more likely than other students to be taught by teachers without even a minor in the subjects they teach see fig.

Yet large numbers of students, especially those who are poor or are members of minority groups, are taught by teachers who do not have strong backgrounds in the subjects they teach.

For example, in reading, 7 of the 20 top-performing elementary schools are high-poverty; in math, 8 of the top 20 are high-poverty; in writing, 13 of the top 20 are high-poverty. They talk about teachers who often do not know the subjects that they are teaching. Indeed, the more-rigorous courses they take, the better they do.

Some have noted that schools with the highest proportion of poor and minority students generally face the greatest challenges to meeting these goals, and are therefore punished unfairly by the law.

How can we close our persistent education achievement gaps in DC?

Not surprisingly, two-thirds feel their profession is not valued by society -- an indicator that OECD finds is ultimately related to student achievement.Aug 22,  · Right now, we're talking about the persistent achievement gap in many schools and what we can do to close the divide between white.

We hope that the Council will require an evaluation of the investment of our at-risk dollars, as well as the new DCPS Excellence Through Equity investment, and work to ensure that this dedicated funding is being spent effectively to close the gaps that plague our city’s educational systems.

To Close the Achievement Gap, We Need to Close the Teaching Gap Here are some policy lessons we can learn from these high-achieving nations: To Close the Achievement Gap, We Need to Close. Closing the Achievement Gap. Kati Haycock by putting some crucial data on the table and by sharing what both research and experience teach us about how schools can close the gaps between groups of students.

certification, academic preparation, or performance on licensure tests. We take the students who most depend on their.

Strategies for Closing the Achievement Gaps. Steps You Can Take in Your School or District. After you examine the data for your school or district, you can begin to identify the best strategies for you to use for closing the gaps. Schools that close achievement gaps focus on improving learning for all students, maintain a "no excuses.

The achievement gap in the United States is the observed, persistent disparity in measures of educational performance among subgroups of U.S. students, Good teachers can actually close or eliminate the gaps in achievement on the standardized tests that separate white and minority students.

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How can we close the achievement
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