Handwriting analysis personality wikipedia encyclopedia

Fox effect [33] the tendency for supposed experts to be validated based on likeability rather than actual skill make it difficult to validate methods of personality testing. The influence of medication on the quality of handwriting is not clear. Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed.

Recent studies testing the validity of using handwriting for predicting personality traits and job performance have been consistently negative. Graphology[ edit ] Graphology is the pseudoscientific [4] [5] [6] study and analysis of handwriting in relation to human psychology.

As a result, tests that cannot be adapted for use by those individuals will not be used by a company. In practice, this can lead the graphologist to interpret signs positively or negatively depending on whether the subject has high or low social status.

Students had to choose between graphoanalysis or holistic graphology. Unfortunately, this is just as unscientific as the others. Uniqueness[ edit ] Each person has their own unique style of handwriting, whether it is everyday handwriting or their personal signature. Children who have ADHD were more likely to have difficulty parameterising movements in a consistent way.

This has been explained with motor skill impairment either due to lack of attention or lack of inhibition. Research studies have been conducted in which a detailed examination of handwriting factors, particularly timing, fluidity, pressure, and consistency of size, form, speed, and pressure are considered in the process of evaluating patients and their response to pharmacological therapeutic agents.

Handwriting clearly falls into the group of tests that cannot be adapted to be administered to individuals who fall within one or more ADA-defined disabilities. His major contribution to the field can be found in Handschrift und Charakter.

Research in employment suitability has ranged from complete failure [87] to guarded success. MA Graphology The majority of material in the field is oriented toward the Latin writing system.


To anticipate a change of direction between strokes constant visual attention is essential. This organization and its system split the American graphology world in two.

Graphology thus fails according to the standards a genuine psychological test must pass before it can ethically be released for use on an unsuspecting public.


Some important principles of graphology are vague enough to allow significant room for a graphologist to skew interpretations to suit a subject or preconceived conclusion.

Variability of handwriting increases with longer texts.

Vocabulary[ edit ] Every system of handwriting analysis has its own vocabulary. Please review the contents of the section and add the appropriate references if you can.

The technical meaning of a word used by a handwriting analyst, and the common meaning is not congruent.

Please help improve it by replacing them with more appropriate citations to reliable, independent, third-party sources. Courses offered in the subject reflect that bias. The published studies on ethnicity, [75] [76] [77] race, [78] [79] [80] age, [81] [82] [83] nationality, [84] gender orientation, weight, and their relationship to handwriting have had mixed results.Handwriting is the writing done with a writing instrument, such as a pen or pencil, in the mint-body.comiting includes both printing and cursive styles and is separate from formal calligraphy or mint-body.come each person's handwriting is unique and different, it can be used to verify a document's writer.

The deterioration of a person's handwriting is also a symptom or result of certain. Graphology (or graphoanalysis, but not graphanalysis) is the analysis of the physical characteristics and patterns of handwriting claiming to be able to identify the writer, indicating psychological state at the time of writing, or evaluating personality characteristics.

It is generally considered a pseudoscience. The term is sometimes incorrectly used to refer to forensic document examination.

Handwriting analysis personality wikipedia encyclopedia
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