A discussion about types of microphones

Each mic has a unique sound, but the differences between good examples of any one type are pretty minor.

Mics and Mic Techniques for Conferencing Systems

Small diaphragm microphones can then be used to capture the nuances of the hi-hat, ride and cymbals. Large ensembles The above techniques work well for concert recordings in good halls with small ensembles.

ADN Conference System

Again a second condenser mic or ribbon mic, set back at a distance, can be used in case you are using multiple amps or if you want a warmer more classic sounding output, or in combination with a close mic to capture some of the room ambiance. This kind of microphone is known as velocity sensitive.

A balanced mic can be used with a high impedance input with a suitable adapter. As with directional microphones, the polar pattern for an "omnidirectional" microphone is a function of frequency. The sound-cell unit is an assembly of two "bimorph" Rochelle salt crystal elements in a Bakelite frame.

Frequency response and placement of the microphone will affect that sound; sometimes you need to exaggerate the features of the sound the client is looking for.

The same principle of stretching and damping the diaphragm is applied to the condenser type as is used in the carbon microphone, thus giving about the same fidelity of output. A variety of mechanical techniques can be used in building microphones.

The moving coil is made from thin aluminum ribbon cemented to the diaphragm, and moves in the air gap between the pole pieces. Practical Microphone Applications in Music Here we look at the main purpose each kind of microphone is typically used for.

Current produced by the microphone will flow down one wire of the twisted pair, and back along the other one. Close, in this context, is related to the size of the microphone, so the nice large mics with even back and side frequency response exhibit the strongest presence effect.

On the other hand it has the advantage of a very good power output level of dB, together with low output impedance, making it possible to have the microphone some distance from the amplifier.

A Brief Guide to Microphones

A third effect, which may be a problem or may be a desired feature, is that the microphone will emphasize the low frequency components of any source that is very close to the diaphragm.

Speech, on the other hand, is about intelligibility, which is very different.


The engineer will make careful notes of the setup, and will listen to the results many times to build an association between the technique used and the sound achieved. Speech intelligibility is of primary importance in corporate, institutional and governmental environments.

Although Shotgun mics are more commonly used for film and theatre, they also make great overhead mics for capturing things like singing groups, chorals, drum cymbals. When balance between large sections and soloists cannot be acheived with the basic setup, extra microphones are added to highlight the weaker instruments.

Recordings require a level of perfection in intonation and rhythm that is much higher than that acceptable in concert. It is produced with about 7: This will not work with a few inexpensive cassette recorders, because the strong signal causes distortion.

This is the way any diaphragm will behave if sound can strike the front and back equally.


If you buy one Neumann mic, you are paying for five! The body of the microphone is not infinitely small and, as a consequence, it tends to get in its own way with respect to sounds arriving from the rear, causing a slight flattening of the polar response.The type of microphone is used in mobile phone: Microphone is transferring your voice electronically through the mint-body.com are following details are used in mobile phones.

There are many types of micro phones is used for various things. There is latest one for wireless microphone,now a days this. Note that these types of mics add subtle sound coloration when the source is off axis, which is why mic position when speaking and singing is very important.

Super/Hyper Cardioid Microphones These mics have the same front directionality, but have a narrower area of sensitivity compared to cardioids. If microphones seem a mystery, a few minutes reading this guide may help clear up some misconceptions and assist you in understanding the differences between various microphone types and the advantages of important microphone features.

The fact is, microphones are really rather simple devices. And. Join Eduardo Angel for an in-depth discussion in this video Techniques and types and microphones, part of Video for Photographers: 1 Filmmaking Essentials.

Different types of microphones gather sound in varying ways and there are three (3) basic audio patterns. Understanding these patterns will help you choose the right microphone for your project: Omni-directional - This is a great all purpose microphone, gathering a wide range of sounds from all directions.

The book starts off with a little bit of basic information on sound and then turns to a discussion of different types of microphones. The pros and cons of each type are briefly reviewed. This is in terms of directionality and in terms of type of recording elements.

From there, the book moves on to discussion of how best to mic different.

A discussion about types of microphones
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